The Anufo popularly known as Chakosi, are Kwa-Speaking Akan group of Togo, Ghana and Benin. They refer to themselves as Anufo “the people of Anu”, a reference to their original homeland in anu, ivory coast.
Synonyms: Ando, Anoufom, Anufom, Chakosi. They speak the Akan dialect called Chakosi language.
Oral history held it that before the 18th century, they were already in Ghana and Togo. The Chakosis were originally warriors in appearance, they fought numerous battles including the ones they assisted the Mamprusis and Gonjas in establishing their empires.
During the 18th century, the Mande horsemen migrated together with their Mallams from the north and the Akans from the east. In addition, with the indigenous Ndenyi people they came as one people with a different language and culture.
In the mid-18th century, a small group of warriors left anu to the upper west, upper east and northern region. The warriors were made of Mande horsemen, Akan musket-toting foot soldiers and some Muslim amulet makers (Mallams). They formed a division of classes thus Noble, commoners and Muslims.
At the end, they established as a small army on the shores of Oti region, where the town of Mango in Togo is today. They were not farmers, since they were warriors, they raided communities, they had their wives, slaves and foods from the villages they conquered. At long last they assimilated with the people and settled there.
Currently, the Anufo can be found in an area of savannah grass land in the north eastern part of Ghana. Farming is their main occupation, they cultivate yam, maize, groundnuts etc. with capital town been Chereponi. Communal labor is still called for many tasks between men and women. Markets in the area follow a six-day cycle, and they provide social interaction as well as economic activity. People bring their local produce to sell in order to buy such things as soup ingredients (women) or bicycle parts, motor parts (young men). It is a patrilineal society.
To be continued ……………