The Konkomba natively refer to themselves as Bikpakpaam and to their language as Likpakpaln. The Konkomba live in what is previously considered as the Northern Togoland in both French and British Mandated territory, about the banks of the Oti River – a tributary of the Volta. Their language is one of the Gurma group of the Voltaic family. The great majority of them live in on a grassland plain that lies between the low and hills of eastern Dagomba and the Kotokoli hills. Bikpakpaam are an aboriginal people of northern Ghana.
Historically an acephalous society led by religious leaders rather than hierarchical chiefs, Konkomba self-identify as indigenous to north-east Ghana and north-west Togo. When tracing their ancestry, Konkomba say they came from a hole in the ground. The history of where Bikpakpaam came from to settle in Ghana is not well known. Konkomba were traditionally animists, but in the modern era many have adopted Christianity while smaller numbers follow Islam.
Traditionally, Konkomba are seasonal farmers, planting crops during the wet season and hunting and gathering during the dry season. Their principal crop being sorghum or millet, but they also grow yams. Konkomba also keep cattle but they devote little attention to them, the cattle are herded by small boys and girls. Marriage payments are made in corn and services, though cattle are sometimes used to buy wives from the Kabire, their neighbours to the east.
The principal tribes or family groups are the Komba near and around Gushiego, the Nafie’ba centring on Wapuli, the Bimba, and the Palba. The Konkombas with little foreign influence are located at the east of the Monjoch and have as most important family groups the Sambulli, Kugnau, Kutja, and Kuntule.
Konkomba organized their social roles around lineages, and multiple lineages would come together to form a clan. The most important unit of the social and political system is the clan and a clan occupies the only precisely known territorial unit. Clans controlled territory that included land for cultivation, hunting grounds and water sources. Clan life centred on a village and around religious shrines. Konkomba practiced their own indigenous religion based on their belief in divination, important rites and some kinds of sorcery. At the head of each lineage there is an Elder, the oldest man of the lineage, and the senior of the two or more heads of major lineages can be thought of as the clan Elder.
In recent times, all Konkomba settlements are led by a traditional chief called Ubor. In Bikpakpaam dominant areas, the people have instituted or established their own chieftains who serve as overlords of the settlements. For instance, the Saboba area has the Uchabob-bor as the overlord.
Cardinall, A. (1918). Some Random Notes on the Customs of the Konkomba. Journal of the Royal African Society, 18(69), 45-62. Retrieved December 11, 2020, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/715714
Wikipedia contributors. (2020, November 22). Konkomba people. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 12:04, December 11, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Konkomba_people&oldid=989977440